Instructions For Authors
Journal of Pharmacy, Pharmacology and Pharmacoepidemiology Research (JPPPR)
welcomes submissions of articles which are to
be considered for monthly publication in the journal;
such as Full length research articles; Review articles including Critical
reviews, Mini reviews and Tutorial reviews; Communications; Reports of
preliminary research findings that justify urgent publication, in all areas of
pharmacy, pharmacology and pharmacoepidemiology research.
The scope of the journal is broad and it includes but not limited to the
following area of specialty:
Bacterial Drug Resistance, Clinical
Pharmacy and Pharmacy Administration, Dosage Formulation, Drug Analysis,
Drug Discovery, Drug
Food/Drug Interaction, Formulations, Medication Management,
Mucoadhesive Properties of Natural and Modified Polymers,
Novel Drug Delivery Systems,
Analysis, Pharmaceutical Chemistry,
Pharmaceutical Powders and their Formulations,
Pharmaceutical Raw Material Science, Pharmaceutical Research,
Pharmacognosy, Pharmacokinetics and Pharmacodynamics, Pharmacology,
Pharmacotherapy, Rational Drug Use,
Physical Pharmaceutics, Polymer/Cosmetic Science, Social and Administrative
Standardization of Phytopharmaceuticals, Transdermal Drug Delivery Systems, etc.
Submission of Manuscript
Submission of manuscript(s) should be by electronic submission with the text,
tables and figures included in a single Microsoft Word file (preferably in Times
New Roman or Arial font with font size 12).
However, where it is not convenient for the author to include some
tables and/or figures in the text of the manuscript, such tables or figures may
be placed in a separate Microsoft Word file together with their figure legends.
Their position should be properly cited/indicated in the text to enable the
Editorial Office of
JPPPR, affix them appropriately, when editing the article during
processing of the manuscript(s). All pages should be numbered consecutively
starting from the title page.
Manuscript(s) should be submitted as e-mail attachment to the Editorial
Office at: firstname.lastname@example.org or email@example.com.
Acknowledgement letter(s) together with manuscript number(s) will be mailed to
the corresponding author within 48 hours of manuscript(s) reception by the
A cover letter which should include the corresponding author's full address and
telephone/fax numbers should accompany each submission in a Microsoft Word file,
sent as e-mail attachment and addressed to the Editor. This letter MUST be
written by the first author but approved by all the authors. The content of the
letter should include among others, a statement that:
research article is original and has not been submitted or accepted for
clearly indicates whether potential conflict(s) of interest(s) do or do not
manuscript has been read and approved by all the authors.
International Journal of Modern and Alternative Medicine Research will only
accept manuscripts submitted as e-mail attachments.
The manuscript(s) should be double-spaced, with a minimum of 2.5 cm margins on
all sides, and arranged as follows: Title, Affiliation, Abstract, Key words,
Text, Acknowledgments, Literature cited, Appendix, Tables, Figure legends and
Figures. There is no restriction on the length of research papers and reviews,
although authors are encouraged to be concise.
The title of the manuscript should be brief (but informative enough to
facilitate information retrieval), given preferably in single line; and a
suggested running title should also be provided. Should the title contains
reference to plant(s) or organism(s), taxonomic affiliation of the plant(s) or
organism(s) should be given in parentheses [For example, Juniperus communis
L. (Cupressaceae, Gymnosperm) or
Names of Author(s)
The name(s) of author(s) should be listed below the title and the corresponding
author should be indicated with asterisk (*). Also, the corresponding author
MUST provide his email address and fax (if available).
The Affiliation(s) of all author(s) should be given clearly and briefly with
their institutions, addresses with zip code and name of country.
The abstract should be brief, indicating the purpose/significance of the
research, methodology adopted, major findings and the most significant
conclusion(s). Scientific names should be spelled in italics. The abstract
should not contain literature citations that refer to the main list of
references attached to the complete article. The abstract should be written as a
single paragraph and should be in reported speech format (past tense); complete
sentences, active verbs, and the third person should be used. The abstract
should not be more than 250 words.
The authors must provide 3-8 key words for indexing purposes and to facilitate
the retrieval of articles by search engines. Key words provided should be
different from the words that make up the title of the article.
text should be typed in single column, double space and justified. Should
there be abbreviation(s)
in the text, full term for which the abbreviation stands should precede its
first use in the text unless it is a standard unit of measurement. Also
scientific names should be spelled in italics throughout text. The full term for
which an abbreviation of a scientific name stands should also precede its first
use in the text. Thereafter, generic names should be abbreviated as appropriate
without altering the species name. The text should be subdivided into the
Introduction should be clear and concise, with relevant references to the nature
of the problem under investigation as well as its background. There should be no
sub-headings. Excessive citations of literature (especially to support well
known statements) and discussions marginally relevant to the paper; together
with other information that adds length but little significance to the research,
should be avoided. Only necessary and latest citations of literature that are
required to indicate the reason for the research undertaken and the essential
background should be given.
Materials and Methods
Descriptions of experiment(s) should be sufficiently detailed to enable
scientist in that field of study to replicate them. Should the study site
description serve as complementary to the research, it should be included as a
sub-heading within this section. A precise description of the selection of your
observational or experimental subjects (for example, patients or laboratory
animals including controls) must be presented. Experimental research involving
human or animals should have been approved by author's institutional review
board or ethics committee. This information can be mentioned in the manuscript
including the name of the board/committee that gave the approval. The use of
animals in experiments will have observed the Interdisciplinary Principles
and Guidelines for the Use of Animals in Research, Testing, and Education.
All chemicals and drugs used must be identified correctly,
including their generic names, the name of the manufacturer, city and country in
parenthesis. The techniques and methodology adopted should be supported with
standard references. Briefly describe methods that have been published but are
not well known as well as new or substantially modified methods. Descriptions of
established procedures are unnecessary. Apparatus should be described only if it
is non-standard; commercially available apparatus used should be stated
(including manufacturer’s name and address in parenthesis).
Only International System (SI) units should be used for all measurements.
Results and Discussion
The results may be presented first, followed by a discussion of their
significance. When presented in this format, it should be presented in logical
sequence. Data emerging from the study should be included, arranged in unified
and coherent sequence(s) and should be statistically analyzed.
Only strictly relevant results should be presented; and figures, tables, and
equations should be used for purposes of clarity and brevity. The same data
should not be presented both in tabular and graphic forms. Results and
Discussion may also be presented together. The discussion should state the
implications of the findings and their limitations as well as the conclusion(s)
drawn. It should relate the observations to previously published related studies
and should be supported by relevant references. Long confused and irrelevant
discussion should be avoided. Conclusions should not summarize information
already present in the text or abstract. Recommendations, when appropriate, may
article(s) should not contain methodology and/or results sections since
there is neither any study to describe nor data to be analyzed. The format is as
follows: Abstract, 3-8 key words, Introduction, Relevant section headings,
Conclusion and References.
The Acknowledgement should include the names of those who contributed
substantially to the work described in the manuscript but do not fulfill the
requirements for the authorship. It should also include name(s) of sponsor(s)/funding
agency of the research.
The list of references should conform to the conventions specified in the
Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association (APA) (6th ed.)
style: Short reference system for citations in the text, accompanied by a
detailed alphabetical list below the “Acknowledgement” section. Single author
reference should be cited thus: Goshen, 2012; should there be more than two
authors, surname of the first author followed by et al., and the year should be
cited in the text, for example, Smith et al., 2012; should the sources include
just two authors; it should be cited thus: Goshen and Smith, 2012. Include among
the references, manuscripts accepted but not yet published; designate the
journal followed by "in press" (in parenthesis). When referencing website,
please include the full title and accessed date. In the list of references at
the end of the paper, full and complete references should be given in the
following style, with punctuation arranged alphabetically by first author's
Paper in a Journal
Karis PO (1993). Heliantheae sensu lato (Asteraceae), Clades and
classification. Plant Syst. Evol. 188:139-195.
Drewes FE and Van Staden J (1995). Aspects of the extraction and purification of
solasodine from Solanum aculeastrum. Phytochem. Anal. 6(4):203-206.
Aketo O, Afendi M, Altaf-UI-Amin M, Hiroki T, Kensuke N and Shigehilo K (2010).
Metabolomics of medicinal plants: The importance of multivariate analysis of
Analytical Chemistry data. Comp. Aided Drug Design 6:179-196.
Funk VA, Susanna A, Stuessy TF and Bayer RJ (2009). Systematics, Evolution, and
Biogeography of Compositae. International Association for Plant Taxonomy (Eds.),
Vienna, 777 p.
Chapter in a Book
Pelser PB and Watson LE (2009). Introduction to Asteroideae. In: Funk VA,
Susanna A, Stuessy TF and Bayer RJ (Eds.). Systematics, Evolution, and
Biogeography of Compositae. Int. Assoc. Plant Taxon. Vienna, Pp. 495-502.
(2004). Vitamin and Mineral Requirements in Human Nutrition. 2nd edn, World
Health Organization and Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations,
Hong Kong. Retrieved on August 11, 2011. Available online: http://whqlibdoc.who.int/publications/2004/9241546123.pdf.
References in languages other than English MUST be referred to by an English
Tables and Figures
All tables and figures must be relevant and necessary; the same data should not
be presented in tables and figures, and do not use short tables for information
that can be easily presented using text. Tables and figures should be numbered
sequentially, for example, Figure 1, Figure 2, Figure 3 and so on.
Fees and Charges
The charges for publication have been established based on the yearly
classification of the World Bank Economies of countries (i.e. Low income
countries, Middle income countries and High Income countries). For information
on which category your country below to and the amount payable, please click on
"Charges". Payment to BluePen
Journals can be made either by bank
transfer or money order. Instructions on how to pay handling fees will be
sent to authors only after their manuscript have been accepted for publication.